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PART I: Common Medical Abbreviations

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Note: Many of the medical abbreviations contained in Part I of this appendix are used in the Casebook. A more extensive list of abbreviations is available on the Internet at www.medilexicon.com and other sites.

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A & O

Alert and oriented

A & P

Auscultation and percussion; anterior and posterior; assessment and plan

A & W

Alive and well

A1C

Hemoglobin A1C

aa

Of each (ana)

AA

Aplastic anemia; Alcoholics Anonymous

AAA

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

AAL

Anterior axillary line

AAO

Awake, alert, and oriented

ABC

Absolute band count; absolute basophil count; aspiration, biopsy, and cytology; artificial beta cells

Abd

Abdomen

ABG

Aterial blood gases

ABI

Ankle brachial index

ABP

Arterial blood pressure

ABW

Actual body weight

ABx

Antibiotics

AC

Before meals (ante cibos)

ACC

American College of Cardiology

ACE

Angiotensin-converting enzyme

ACEI

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor

ACG

American College of Gastroenterology

ACL

Anterior cruciate ligament

ACLS

Advanced cardiac life support

ACR

Albumin:creatinine ratio, American College of Rheumatology

ACS

Acute coronary syndrome

ACT

Activated clotting time

ACTH

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

AD

Alzheimer's disease, right ear (auris dextra)

ADA

American Diabetes Association; adenosine deaminase

ADE

Adverse drug effect (or event)

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

ADHD

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

ADL

Activities of daily living

ADR

Adverse drug reaction

AED

Antiepileptic drug(s)

AF

Atrial fibrillation

AFB

Acid-fast bacillus; aortofemoral bypass; aspirated foreign body

Afeb

Afebrile

AFP

α-Fetoprotein

A/G

Albumin–globulin ratio

AHA

American Heart Association

AI

Aortic insufficiency

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AKA

Above-knee amputation; alcoholic ketoacidosis; all known allergies; also known as

AKI

Acute kidney injury

ALD

Alcoholic liver disease

ALFT

Abnormal liver function test

ALL

Acute lymphocytic leukemia; acute lymphoblastic leukemia

ALP

Alkaline phosphatase

ALS

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

ALT

Alanine aminotransferase

AMA

Against medical advice; American Medical Association; antimitochondrial antibody

AMI

Acute myocardial infarction

AML

Acute myelogenous leukemia

Amp

Ampule

ANA

Antinuclear antibody

ANC

Absolute neutrophil count

ANLL

Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia

AODM

Adult onset diabetes mellitus

A & O × 3

Awake and oriented to person, place, and time

A & O × 4

Awake and oriented to person, place, time, and situation

AOM

Acute otitis media

AP

Anteroposterior

APACHE

Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation

APAP

Acetaminophen (N-acetyl-p-aminophenol)

aPTT

Activated partial thromboplastin time

ARC

AIDS-related complex

ARDS

Adult respiratory distress syndrome

ARF

Acute renal failure; acute respiratory failure; acute rheumatic fever

AROM

Active range of motion

AS

Left ear (auris sinistra)

ASA

Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)

ASCVD

Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease

ASD

Atrial septal defect

ASH

Asymmetric septal hypertrophy

ASHD

Arteriosclerotic heart disease

AST

Aspartate aminotransferase

ATG

Antithymocyte globulin

ATN

Acute tubular necrosis

AU

Each ear (auris uterque)

AV

Arteriovenous; atrioventricular

AVM

Arteriovenous malformation

AVR

Aortic valve replacement

AWMI

Anterior wall myocardial infarction

BAC

Blood alcohol concentration

BAL

Bronchioalveolar lavage

BBB

Bundle branch block; blood–brain barrier

BC

Blood culture

BCG

Bacillus Calmette Guerin

BCNP

Board Certified Nuclear Pharmacist

BCNSP

Board Certified Nutrition Support Pharmacist

BCNU

Carmustine

BCOP

Board Certified Oncology ...

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