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Chapter 7. Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines

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Which of the following groups or types of organizations have been involved in development of clinical practice guidelines?

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a. Federal and state governments

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b. Professional societies and associations

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c. Managed care organizations

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d. Third-party payers

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e. All of the above

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Which of the following is a common characteristic of practice guideline development and traditional drug information practice activities?

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a. Decision making and recommendations based on individual experience

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b. Assurance of cost savings

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c. Clear specific definition of clinical questions

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d. Lack of interdisciplinary participation

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e. All of the above

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Clinical practice guidelines are important to getting research information into practice because:

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a. Well studied new treatments proven effective are substantially underutilized

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b. Interventions proven ineffective or harmful continue to be provided

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c. Research information is not readily available for implementation into practice

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d. a and b only

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e. b and c only

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Recommendations for optimizing patient care that are developed by systematically reviewing the evidence and assessing the benefits and harms of health care interventions is the definition for:

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a. Strengths of recommendations

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b. Evidence-based medicine

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c. Conflicts of interest

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d. Clinical practice guidelines

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e. Systematic reviews

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Which of the following are included in the five core competencies for health professionals as recommended in a landmark Institute of Medicine report?

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a. Deliver patient-centered care

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b. Participate in interdisciplinary teams

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c. Emphasize evidence-based practice

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d. Utilize informatics

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e. All of the above

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The first step in the Institute of Medicine’s proposed standards for developing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines is:

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a. Conduct a systematic review for qualifying evidence.

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