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Chapter 15. Medication Misadventures I: Adverse Drug Reactions

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Which of the following refers to an adverse drug reaction (ADR)?

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a. Any iatrogenic hazard or incident associated with a medication

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b. Any injury caused by a medication

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c. Any preventable event that leads to inappropriate medication use or patient harm

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d. Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response to a medication

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e. Any reaction related to the intentional or unintentional overdose of a medication

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Adverse drug reactions account for approximately what percentage of all hospital admissions?

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a. 0.1% to 0.5%

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b. 1% to 5%

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c. 5% to 15%

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d. 15% to 25%

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e. 35%

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Every year, adverse drug reactions cost the U.S. health care system how much?

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a. $50 to $70 million

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b. $150 million

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c. $5 to $7 billion

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d. $50 to $70 billion

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e. $150 billion

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Which of the following reactions is not an example of an ADR that the FDA would like health care professionals to report?

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a. A life-threatening reaction to a drug

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b. An ADR that is not currently listed in the drug’s labeling

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c. A reaction that is a more severe form of a previously-reported ADR

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d. A common or expected side effect

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e. An ADR of which the exact cause is not known

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Which of the following definitions of an adverse drug reaction is often excluded by hospitals?

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a. Noxious reaction to a drug given at a normal dose

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b. Reactions due to drug abuse

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c. Excessive pharmacological reaction

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d. Idiosyncratic reactions

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e. None of the above

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The first step in establishing an adverse drug reaction program at a facility is to:

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