Skip to Main Content
APPENDIX A

++

Table Graphic Jump Location
Favorite Table | Download (.pdf) | Print
Record Number Trade Name Generic Name General Category Therapeutic Category Select Counseling and Clinical Points
1 Flagyl (ER) Metronidazole Anti-infective Antibacterial/antiprotozoal
  • Systemic: Avoid alcohol during and 3 d after therapy

  • May cause urine to turn reddish-brown

  • Take on empty stomach, unless GI upset occurs, then take with food

  • ER dosage form should be taken on empty stomach, 1 h before or 2 h after meals

2 Diflucan Fluconazole Anti-infective Antifungal
  • May take without regarding meals

  • May cause GI upset and headache

  • DI: multiple - CYP450 interactions

  • Can prolong QT interval

3 Lamisil Terbinafine Anti-infective Antifungal
  • Topical and systemic formulations available

4 Nizoral Ketoconazole Anti-infective Antifungal
  • Systemic: Requires acid to be absorbed

  • Take with food

  • Avoid antacids 2 h before and after each dose

  • Significant CYP450 drug interactions

  • Avoid PPIs and H2-antagonists

  • Systemic and topical formulations available

5 Nystatin Nystat-RX, others Anti-infective Antifungal
  • Susp can be “swish and spit” (oral candidiasis) or “swish and swallow” (esophageal candidiasis)

6 Valtrex Valacyclovir Anti-infective Antiviral against herpes virus
  • Avoid intercourse during herpes outbreak

  • Dose and duration of therapy depend on indication

  • CNS side effects especially in elderly and renal impairment

  • DI: with zoster vaccine

  • Stay well hydrated

  • May be taken with or without food

7 Zovirax Acyclovir Anti-infective Antiviral against herpes virus
  • Avoid intercourse during herpes outbreak

  • Dose and duration depend on indication

  • CNS side effects especially in elderly and renal impairment

  • DI: with zoster vaccine

  • Stay well hydrated

  • May be taken with our without food

  • Intravenous - avoid rapid infusion; infuse over 1 hour to prevent renal damage; check for phlebitis and rotate infusion sites

8 Ceftin Cefuroxime Anti-infective Cephalosporin antibiotic
  • Can cause GI upset

  • Hypersensitivity if allergic to PCN and cephalosporins

  • Can decrease absorption of oral birth control

  • Oral suspension - administer with food; shake well before use

9 Keflex Cephalexin Anti-infective Cephalosporin antibiotic
  • May be taken without regarding food

  • Take with food if GI upset occurs

  • Hypersensitivity if allergic to PCN and cephalosporins

  • Can decrease absorption of oral birth control

10 Omnicef Cefdinir Anti-infective Cephalosporin antibiotic
  • Suspension does not have to be refrigerated

  • May turn stool reddish in color

  • Can cause GI upset

  • Hypersensitivity if allergic to PCN and cephalosporins

  • Can decrease absorption of oral birth control

  • Administer 2 hours before or after antacids or iron supplements

11 Avelox Moxifloxacin Anti-infective Fluoroquinolone antibiotic
  • May be taken with or without food

  • Drink plenty of fluids

  • Take at least 2 h before or 6 h after iron- or zinc-containing multivitamins and antacids containing magnesium or aluminum, sucralfate or didanosine, or calcium-containing products such as dairy

  • May cause sun sensitivity, possible CNS side effects

  • FDA requires to assess risk of QT prolongation, monitor glucose, tendon rupture warning in older adults, tendonitis in younger athletes

12 Cipro Ciprofloxacin Anti-infective Fluoroquinolone antibiotic
  • May be taken with or without food

  • Drink plenty of fluids

  • Take at least 2 h before or 6 h after iron- or zinc-containing multivitamins and antacids containing magnesium ...

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.