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Abbreviations
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A

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AC Adenylate cyclase

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ACE Angiotensin-converting enzyme

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Ach Acetylcholine

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ACS Acute coronary syndrome

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ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone

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ADH Antidiuretic hormone

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ADHD Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

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ADP Adenosine diphosphate

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ANS Autonomic nervous system

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AP Action potential

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ATP Adenosine triphosphate

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ATPase Adenosine triphosphatase

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AV Atrioventricular

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B

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BBB Blood brain barrier

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BP Blood pressure

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BPH Benign prostatic hypertrophy

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BMT Bone marrow transplant

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C

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CA Cancer

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CAD Coronary artery disease

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CABG Coronary artery bypass graft

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cAMP Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

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CF Cystic fibrosis

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cGMP Cyclic guanosine monophosphate

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CHF Congestive heart failure

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CMV Cytomegalovirus

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CNS Central nervous system

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CO Cardiac output

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COMT Catechol-o-methyltransferase

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COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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COX Cyclooxygenase

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CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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CRH Corticotropin-releasing hormone

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CSF Cerebrospinal fluid

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CTZ Chemoreceptor trigger zone

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CV Cardiovascular

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CVA Cerebrovascular accident

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CVS Cardiovascular system

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D

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DA Dopamine

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DAG Diacylglycerol

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E

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EC Extracellular

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ECF Extracellular fluid

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EEG Electroencephalogram

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ENT Ear, nose, and throat

+ +

EPS Extrapyramidal side effects

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F

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FDA Food and Drug Administration

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G

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G+ Gram-positive

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G- Gram-negative

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G6PD Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

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GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease

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GFR Glomerular filtration rate

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GI Gastrointestinal

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GTP Guanosine triphosphate

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GU Genitourinary

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H

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5-HT Serotonin

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Hb Hemoglobin

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HDL High-density lipoprotein

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HIT Heparin induced thrombocytopenia

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HIV Human immunodeficiency virus

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HMG-CoA Hepatic hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A

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HR Heart rate

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HSV Herpes simplex virus

+
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I

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IBD Inflammatory bowel disease

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IC Intracellular

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IDDM Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

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IHSS Idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis

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IL Interleukin

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IM Intramuscular

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IP3 Inositol 1, 4, 5-triphosphate

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ISA Intrinsic sympathomimetic activity

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IV Intravenous

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L

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LDL Low-density lipoprotein

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LFT Liver function tests

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Lp(a) Lipoprotein little A antigen

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LTU Long-term use

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M

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MI Myocardial infarction

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MAO Monoamine oxidase

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MOA Mechanism of action

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MRSA Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

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MSA Membrane stabilizing activity

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N

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nAch Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

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NE Norepinephrine

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NIDDM Non--insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

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NM Neuromuscular

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NMJ Neuromuscular junction

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NO Nitrous oxide

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NRTI Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor

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NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

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NSR Normal sinus rhythm

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NT Neurotransmitter

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O

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OA Osteoarthritis

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OR Operating room

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OTC Over the counter

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P

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PABA Para-aminobenzoic acid

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PCI Percutaneous

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PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

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PDE Phosphodiesterase

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PID Pelvic inflammatory disease

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pKa Negative logarithm of acid ionization constant

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PO Oral administration

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PSVT Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia

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PTT Partial thromboplastin time

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PUD Peptic ulcer disease

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PVD Peripheral vascular disease

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R

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RA Rheumatoid arthritis

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RAS Reticular activating system

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REM Rapid eye movement

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RTA Renal tubular acidosis

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S

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SA Sinoatrial

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SC Subcutaneous

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SIADH Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (secretion)

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SLE Systemic lupus erythematosus

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SOA Site of action

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SSRI Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

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SVT Supraventricular tachycardia

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T

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TB Tuberculosis

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TCA Tricyclic antidepressant

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TG Triglyceride

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THC Tetrahydrocannabinol

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TIA Transient ischemic attack

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TNF Tumor necrosis factor

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TPR Total peripheral resistance

+
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U

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UA Unstable angina

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URI Upper respiratory infection

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USMLE United States Medical Licensing Examination

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UTI Urinary tract infection

+
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V

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VLDL Very low-density lipoprotein

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VZV Varicella-zoster virus

+
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PHARMACOKINETICS ABBREVIATIONS:

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A: Administration or Absorption

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B: Biotransformation or plasma protein binding

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D: Distribution

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DOA: Duration of action

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E: Excretion

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M: Metabolism

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OOA: Onset of action

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R: Redistribution

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t½: Half-life

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