1. Child Welfare League of America. CWLA National Advisory Committee on Cultural Competence and Racial Disproportionality and Disparity of Outcomes. Cultural competence: About this area of focus.
2. Akerman M, Davin C. Social determinants of health: Values, approaches and perspectives, unit 1. Global learning device on social determinants of health and policy-making. Pan American Health Organization and World Health Organization.
3. Lotrecchiano G. Definition of culture. Cited in a presentation: Methods for cultural understanding: Assumptions and definitions of culture. Washington, DC; September 28, 2005.
4. Griffith E, González C. Essentials of cultural psychiatry. In: Yudofsky C, Hales R, Talbott J, eds. The American Psychiatric Press Textbook of Psychiatry, 2nd ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1994:1379–1404.
5. Gilbert J, Goode TD, Dunne C. Curricula enhancement module series.
6. Halbur KV, Halbur DA. Essentials in Cultural Competence in Pharmacy Practice. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2008.
7. National Center for Cultural Competence. Curricula enhancement module series – cultural and linguistic competence: Rationale, conceptual frameworks, and values.
8. Robinson RG. Community development model for public health applications: Overview of a model to eliminate population disparities. Health Promot Pract 2005;6(3):338–346.  [PubMed: 16020628]
9. Galanti G. Caring for Patients from Different Cultures, 4h ed. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.
10. Mendoza FS, Fuentes-Afflick E. Latino children's health and the family-community health promotion model. West J Med 1999;170(2):85–92.  [PubMed: 10063394]
11. O'Connell MB, Korner EJ, Rickles NM, Sias JJ. Cultural competence in health care and its implications for pharmacy. Part 1. Overview of key concepts in multicultural health care. Pharmacotherapy. 2007; 27(7):1062–1079.  [PubMed: 21406731]
12. O'Connell MB, Rickles NM, Sias JJ, Korner EJ. Cultural competency in health care and its implications for pharmacy. Part 2: Emphasis on pharmacy systems and practice. Pharmacotherapy 2009;29(2):14e–34e.  [PubMed: 21406731]
13. National Center for Cultural Competence. Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development.
14. Rodriguez de Bittner M, Nichols-English G. Multicultural aspects of self-care. In: Berardi RR, ed. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care, 16th ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmaceutical Association, 2009:35–50.
15. U.S. Census Bureau. 2005–2007 American Community Survey 3-year Estimates—United States.
16. Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life. US Religious Landscape Survey – Report 1: Religious Affiliation. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center, 2008.
17. Barrett SE, Dyer C, Westpheling K. Language access – Understanding the barriers and challenges in primary care settings: Perspectives from the field. McLean, VA: Association of Clinicians for the Underserved/National Health Law Program, 2008.
18. National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities. Health Disparities.
19. Halle M, Lewis CB, Seshamani M. Health disparities: A case for closing the gap. HHS Web Communications and New Media Division; 2009.
20. Secretary's Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020. Phase I report recommendations for the framework and format of healthy people 2020. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2008.
21. Office of Minority Health. Hispanic/Latino Profile.
22. Wilson-Stronks A, Galvez E. Hospitals, language, and culture: A snapshot of the nation. Exploring cultural and linguistic services in the nation's hospitals. A report of findings. The Joint Commission; 2007.
23. Cross T, Bazron B, Dennis K, Isaacs M. Towards a Culturally Competent System of Care: Volume I. Washington, DC: CASSP Technical Assistance Center, Georgetown University Child Development Center, 1989.
24. Civil Rights Division. Overview of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
25. Federal Interagency Working Group. Limited English Proficiency. Let everyone participate: Meaningful access for people who are limited English proficient.
26. Office of Minority Health. Culturally and linguistically appropriate standards national standards for culturally and linguistically appropriate services in health care; 2001.
27. The Joint Commission. Crosswalk of the office of minority health's national standards for culturally and linguistically appropriate services (CLAS) and the Joint Commission 2009 standards for the hospital accreditation program.
28. The Joint Commission. The Joint Commission 2009 requirements that support effective communication, cultural competence, and patient-centered care hospital accreditation program (HAP); 2009.
29. Betancourt JR, Green AR, Carrillo JE, Park ER. Cultural competence and health care disparities: Key perspectives and trends. Health Aff (Millwood) 2005;24(2):499–505.  [PubMed: 15757936]
30. Hasnain-Wynia R. Is evidence-based medicine patient-centered and is patient-centered care evidence-based? Health Serv Res. 2006;41(1):1–8.  [PubMed: 16479681]
31. Spector RE. Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness, 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc, 2009.
32. Kleinman A. Patients and Healers in the Context of Culture. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1980.
33. Betancourt JR, Culturally Competent Care Education Committee. The cross-cultural care primer – Harvard Medical School. Boston, MA, 2003.
34. Campinha-Bacote J, Claymore-Cuny D, Cora-Bramble D, Gilbert J. Transforming the face of health professions through cultural & linguistic competence education: The role of the HRSA centers of excellence. Rockville, MD: Bureau of Health Professions. Health Resources and Services Administration. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2005.
35. Barnes PM, Powell-Griner E, McFann K, Nahin RL. Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults: United States, 2002. Adv Data 2004;343:1–20.  [PubMed: 15188733]
36. Friedmann J, Walter N. Shamanism: An encyclopedia of world beliefs, practices, and culture. In: New York: ABC-CLIO, 2004:393–396.
37. The Badianus Manuscript—America's earliest medical book. World Research Foundation.
38. Rivera JO, Ortiz M, Gonzalez-Stuart A, Hughes H. Bi-national evaluation of herbal product use on the United States/Mexico border. J Herb Pharmacother 2007;7(3-4):91–106.
39. Rivera JO, Ortiz M, Lawson ME, Verma KM. Evaluation of the use of complementary and alternative medicine in the largest United States-Mexico border city. Pharmacotherapy 2002;22(2):256–264.  [PubMed: 11837563]
40. Eisenberg DM, Kessler RC, Foster C, Norlock FE, Calkins DR, Delbanco TL. Unconventional medicine in the United States – prevalence, costs, and pattern of use. N Engl J Med 1993;328(4):246–252.  [PubMed: 8418405]
41. Barnes PM, Bloom B, Nahin RL. Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults and children: United States, 2007. Natl Health Stat Report 2008;12:1–24.  [PubMed: 19361005]
42. Chao MT, Wade C, Kronenberg F. Disclosure of complementary and alternative medicine to conventional medical providers: Variation by Race/Ethnicity and type of CAM. J Natl Med Assoc 2008;100(11): 1341–1349.  [PubMed: 19024232]
43. Moyerman DR, Forman BD. Acculturation and adjustment: A meta-analytic study. Hisp J Behav Sci 1992;14(2):163–200.
44. Larsen K. Chapter 56: Health literacy. In: Walker P, Barnett E, eds. Immigrant Medicine. St. Louis, MO: Saunders: Elsevier Inc., 2007:711–724.
45. Berry J. Acculturation as varieties of adaptation. In: Padilla AM, ed. Acculturation: Theory, Models, and some New Findings. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1980.
46. Program for Multicultural Health. Cultural competency: basic concepts & definitions, “the platinum rule”. University of Michigan Health System.
47. Delivering Health Care to Hispanics: A Manual for Providers, 4th ed. Washington, DC: Estrella Press, 2007.
48. Committee on Understanding and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care. Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2003.
49. Schyve P. Language differences as a barrier to quality and safety in health care: The joint commission perspective. J Gen Intern Med. 2007;22 (Suppl 2):360–1.
50. Luckmann J. Transcultural Communication in Healthcare. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar/Thomson Learning, 2000.
51. Berlin E, Fowkes W. A teaching framework for cross-cultural health care. West J Med 1983;139:934–938.  [PubMed: 6666112]
52. National Center for Cultural Competence. Conceptual frameworks/models, guiding values and principles.
53. National Center for Cultural Competence. Cultural competence health practitioner assessment.
54. Goode TD. Promoting cultural and linguistic competency: Self-assessment checklist for personnel providing primary health care services. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development, 2004.
55. Alagiakrishnan K, Chopra A. Health and health care of Asian Indian American elders.
56. Lipson JG, Meleis AI. Issues in health care of Middle Eastern patients. West J Med 1983;139(6):854–861.  [PubMed: 6364575]
57. Salimbene S, Burch PF, Eason CC, Pfeiffer-Ewens J. What Language Does Your Patient Hurt in?, 2nd ed. St. Paul, MN: EMC/Paradigm Publishing, 2006.
58. Rundle A, Carvalho M, Robinson M, eds. Cultural Competence in Health Care: A Practice Guide. Children's Hospital, Boston. Boston, MA: Jossey-Bass; 1999.
59. National Center for Cultural Competence. Cultural and linguistic competence policy assessment (CLCPA). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development; 2006,
60. The Lewin Group, Inc. Indicators of cultural competence in health care delivery organizations: An organizational cultural competence assessment profile. Health Resources and Services Administration; 2002.
61. Goode T, Jones J, Mason J. A guide to planning and implementing cultural competence organizational self-assessment. National Center for Cultural Competence; 2002.

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.