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The arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) and rodent-borne viruses represent ecologic groupings of viruses with complex transmission cycles involving arthropods or rodents. These viruses have diverse physical and chemical properties and are classified in several virus families.

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Arboviruses and rodent-borne viruses are classified among the Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, Reoviridae, and Togaviridae families. The African hemorrhagic fever viruses are classified in the Filoviridae family (Table 38-1, Figure 38-1). A number of the diseases described here are considered emerging infectious diseases (see Chapter 29).

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Table 38-1 Classification and Properties of Some Arthropod-Borne and Rodent-Borne Viruses

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