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Antidiuretic hormone


Central diabetes insipidus


Dextrose 5%




Diabetes insipidus




Lactated ringers


Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

½ NS

Half-normal saline (0.45% saline)


Normal saline


Urine output


Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone

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Table 13.1.1 Fluid Composition and Uses
Figure 13.1.2 Evaluation Algorithm for Hyponatremia
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Figure 13.1.3 Treatment Algorithm for Hyponatremia
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Figure 13.1.4 Assessment and Treatment Algorithm of Hypernatremia
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aTBW = 0.5 × weight (kg) females: 0.6 × weight (kg) males.

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Table 13.1.5 Pharmacotherapy of Sodium Disorders

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