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Courses in Therapeutics and Disease State Management | Infectious Disease I:

09. Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

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AUTHORS:
Michael W. Perry
LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
  • Identify host defenses for preventing lower respiratory tract infections.
  • Discuss the epidemiology, etiology, and pathogenesis of common lower respiratory tract infections.
  • Compare and contrast the clinical manifestations of various lower respiratory tract infections.
  • Recommend appropriate examinations and laboratory tests to assist in the diagnosis of various lower respiratory tract infections.
  • Recommend appropriate nonpharmacologic therapy for the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections.
  • Recommend appropriate pharmacologic therapy for the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections, including both symptomatic therapies as well as selecting antimicrobial agents for eradicating associated pathogens.
  • Differentiate between bronchitis and bronchiolitis.
  • Compare and contrast acute versus chronic bronchitis.
  • Differentiate between bacterial and nonbacterial pneumonia.
  • Discuss common pathogens associated with pneumonia in various clinical arenas (i.e., community-acquired, hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated).
  • Select appropriate antimicrobial agents for the treatment of pneumonia based on the clinical setting and the respective dominating pathogens.
  • Compare and contrast the most commonly isolated pathogens associated with lower respiratory tract infections between adult and pediatric patients.
  • Propose strategies that may be employed to prevent or reduce the occurrence of lower respiratory tract infections.
  • List respiratory pathogens and complications observed in immunocompromised patients.
  • Apply knowledge of prescribed antimicrobials in providing patient-specific counseling in order to optimize therapy.
External Activity
Required
Chapter
AccessPharmacy > Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach, 10e > Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
Required
Standalone Test
Required
External Activity
IDSA/ATS consensus guidelines on the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults
Optional
External Activity
Management of adults with hospital-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia
Optional
External Activity
The management of community-acquired pneumonia in infants and children older than 3 months of age
Optional

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