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Chapter 7. Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines

Which of the following groups or types of organizations have been involved in development of clinical practice guidelines?

a. Federal and state governments

b. Professional societies and associations

c. Managed care organizations

d. Third-party payers

e. All of the above

Which of the following is a common characteristic of practice guideline development and traditional drug information practice activities?

a. Decision making and recommendations based on individual experience

b. Assurance of cost savings

c. Clear specific definition of clinical questions

d. Lack of interdisciplinary participation

e. All of the above

Clinical practice guidelines are important to getting research information into practice because:

a. Well studied new treatments proven effective are substantially underutilized

b. Interventions proven ineffective or harmful continue to be provided

c. Research information is not readily available for implementation into practice

d. a and b only

e. b and c only

Recommendations for optimizing patient care that are developed by systematically reviewing the evidence and assessing the benefits and harms of health care interventions is the definition for:

a. Strengths of recommendations

b. Evidence-based medicine

c. Conflicts of interest

d. Clinical practice guidelines

e. Systematic reviews

Which of the following are included in the five core competencies for health professionals as recommended in a landmark Institute of Medicine report?

a. Deliver patient-centered care

b. Participate in interdisciplinary teams

c. Emphasize evidence-based practice

d. Utilize informatics

e. All of the above

The first step in the Institute of Medicine’s proposed standards for developing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines is:

a. Conduct a systematic review for qualifying evidence.

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