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Chapter 15. Medication Misadventures I: Adverse Drug Reactions

Which of the following refers to an adverse drug reaction (ADR)?

a. Any iatrogenic hazard or incident associated with a medication

b. Any injury caused by a medication

c. Any preventable event that leads to inappropriate medication use or patient harm

d. Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response to a medication

e. Any reaction related to the intentional or unintentional overdose of a medication

Adverse drug reactions account for approximately what percentage of all hospital admissions?

a. 0.1% to 0.5%

b. 1% to 5%

c. 5% to 15%

d. 15% to 25%

e. 35%

Every year, adverse drug reactions cost the U.S. health care system how much?

a. $50 to $70 million

b. $150 million

c. $5 to $7 billion

d. $50 to $70 billion

e. $150 billion

Which of the following reactions is not an example of an ADR that the FDA would like health care professionals to report?

a. A life-threatening reaction to a drug

b. An ADR that is not currently listed in the drug’s labeling

c. A reaction that is a more severe form of a previously-reported ADR

d. A common or expected side effect

e. An ADR of which the exact cause is not known

Which of the following definitions of an adverse drug reaction is often excluded by hospitals?

a. Noxious reaction to a drug given at a normal dose

b. Reactions due to drug abuse

c. Excessive pharmacological reaction

d. Idiosyncratic reactions

e. None of the above

The first step in establishing an adverse drug reaction program at a facility is to:


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