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Section 6: Neurologic Disorders

When evaluating a spinal lesion near a bone, the best imaging choice would be which of the following?

A. Computed tomography (CT)

B. Computed tomography angiography (CTA)

C. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

D. Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)

The answer is C.

Lumbar puncture is useful in the diagnosis of which of the following?

A. Epilepsy

B. Ischemic stroke

C. Meningitis

D. Parkinson disease

The answer is C.

Which of the following is a component of the neurologic examination?

A. Abdominal rebound

B. Gait

C. Heart sounds

D. Skin turgor

The answer is B.

You are presented with the following cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results: red blood cells = 400/mm3 (400 × 106/L), white blood cells = 0/mm3 (0 × 106/L), protein = 200 mg/dL (2.0 g/L), and xanthochromia. Which of the following is the best interpretation?

A. Meningitis

B. Multiple sclerosis

C. Normal

D. Subarachnoid hemorrhage

The answer is D.

A patient presents with bilateral leg weakness, difficulty urinating, and numbness from the waist down. Which of the following is the best imaging technique to localize the lesion?

A. Functional MRI of the spine

B. MRI of the head

C. MRI of the spine

D. SPECT scan of the head

The answer is C.

Elements of the pediatric neurologic history may include which of the following:

A. (EEG) Electroencephalography

B. Evaluation of developmental milestones

C. Evaluation of respiratory symptoms

D. Measurement of waist girth

The answer is B.

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