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Section 13: Ophthalmic and Otolaryngological Disorders

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Persistent allergic rhinitis is a year-round disease that can be caused by which of the following?

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A. Dust mites

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B. Timothy grass pollen

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C. Ragweed pollen

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D. Kentucky bluegrass pollen

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E. Mosquitoes

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The answer is A.

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Inflammatory mediators produce all of the following in the nose except:

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A. decreased vascular permeability

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B. rhinorrhea

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C. nasal congestion

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D. sneezing

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E. vasodilation

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The answer is A.

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Which of the following statements are true regarding complications of allergic rhinitis?

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A. Nose bleeds can result from mucosal hyperemia and inflammation

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B. The relationship between allergic rhinitis and asthma is stronger with seasonal allergic rhinitis compared to perennial

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C. Allergic shiners are the result of venous pooling under the eyes

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D. All of the above are true

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E. Only a and c are true

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The answer is E.

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Prior to skin testing, which of the following drugs should be stopped for at least 10 days?

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A. olopatadine

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B. pseudoephedrine

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C. intranasal fluticasone

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D. loratadine

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E. cromolyn

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The answer is D.

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Each of the following statements about allergens is true except:

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A. Cross-allergenicity is common with pollen from sycamore, cedar, and birch trees.

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B. Cross-allergenicity is common with pollen from Kentucky bluegrass, fescue and timothy grass.

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C. Energy efficient homes contain higher levels of dust mite fecal proteins.

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D. Mold spores are known to cause perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis.

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The answer is A.

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Which of the following is true regarding avoidance of allergens?

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A. It is ...

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