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Section 13: Ophthalmic and Otolaryngological Disorders

Persistent allergic rhinitis is a year-round disease that can be caused by which of the following?

A. Dust mites

B. Timothy grass pollen

C. Ragweed pollen

D. Kentucky bluegrass pollen

E. Mosquitoes

The answer is A.

Inflammatory mediators produce all of the following in the nose except:

A. decreased vascular permeability

B. rhinorrhea

C. nasal congestion

D. sneezing

E. vasodilation

The answer is A.

Which of the following statements are true regarding complications of allergic rhinitis?

A. Nose bleeds can result from mucosal hyperemia and inflammation

B. The relationship between allergic rhinitis and asthma is stronger with seasonal allergic rhinitis compared to perennial

C. Allergic shiners are the result of venous pooling under the eyes

D. All of the above are true

E. Only a and c are true

The answer is E.

Prior to skin testing, which of the following drugs should be stopped for at least 10 days?

A. olopatadine

B. pseudoephedrine

C. intranasal fluticasone

D. loratadine

E. cromolyn

The answer is D.

Each of the following statements about allergens is true except:

A. Cross-allergenicity is common with pollen from sycamore, cedar, and birch trees.

B. Cross-allergenicity is common with pollen from Kentucky bluegrass, fescue and timothy grass.

C. Energy efficient homes contain higher levels of dust mite fecal proteins.

D. Mold spores are known to cause perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis.

The answer is A.

Which of the following is true regarding avoidance of allergens?

A. It is ...

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