Section 17: Nutritional Disorders
A 55-year-old man (height, 175 cm [5′9″]; weight, 122.5 kg [270 lb]) is admitted with a new diagnosis of cancer. He has lost 6.8 kg (15 lb) in the last 4 months. Which of the following would be the most appropriate characterization of his nutrition status?
A. Normal, healthy nutrition status
C. Acute, disease-related malnutrition
D. Chronic, disease-related malnutrition
You are working with an interdisciplinary nutrition support team to design a nutrition screening program for your hospital. Which of the following diagnoses should be included as a trigger to identify patients at high risk for nutrition-related complications?
D. Community-acquired pneumonia
Using his ideal body weight (IBW), how would you characterize the nutrition status of a 65-year-old man whose weight is 79.5 kg (175 lb) and height is 190.5 cm (6′3″)?
A 39-year-old woman weighs 113.4 kg (250 lb) and is 165 cm (5′5″). Based on BMI, what is the best interpretation of her current nutrition status?
D. Severe or morbid obesity
A patient suffering from severe anorexia/bulimia is to be started on supplemental nutrition via a feeding tube. Which of the following visceral proteins would be the most appropriate to measure the acute response (first 3-4 days) to refeeding in this patient?
A. Serum albumin concentration
B. Serum transferrin concentration
C. Serum prealbumin concentration
D. Serum C-reactive protein concentration
A patient has been on home ...