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Chapter 2. Geriatrics

The following is an accurate description of the aging population:

A. The number of older adults will reach 17 million in 2030

B. The ratio of women to men will no longer exist

C. The surviving baby boomers will be more racially diverse than previous elders

D. The surviving baby boomers will have less financial resources than previous elders

E. The minority elder populations are projected to decrease in 2020

Education and health literacy in the older Americans can be described as:

A. In 2007, 62% of Hispanic elders had high school degrees

B. Nearly 20% of people 75 years and older have low health literacy

C. In 2007, 62% of black elders had high school degrees

D. Nearly 40% of people 75 years and older have low health literacy

E. None of the above

Following are common chronic conditions older Americans have:

A. Diabetes, hypertension, cancer

B. Hypertension, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease

C. Asthma, stroke, hypothyroidism

D. Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Alzheimer disease, stroke

E. Cancer, heart disease, Parkinson disease

The most important pharmacokinetic change that occurs with aging is:

A. Reduced renal function

B. Delayed gastric emptying

C. Increased conjugation

D. Phase II hepatic metabolism

E. Deconditioning

All of the following are incorporated into the Cockcroft–Gault equation except:

A. Age

B. Gender

C. Serum albumin

D. Serum creatinine

E. Weight

Because of pharmacodynamic changes, older adults have increased sensitivity to:

A. Acetaminophen

B. Metformin

C. Aspirin

D. Morphine

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