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Chapter 85. Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Surgery

Which of the following antimicrobials is not recommended for use in surgical prophylaxis?

A. Ampicillin

B. Cefazolin

C. Ertapenem

D. A and B

E. A and C

Which of the following should be factored into selection of a surgical prophylaxis agent?

A. Type of surgical procedure

B. History of MRSA infections

C. Patient’s weight

D. Antimicrobial spectrum

E. All of the above

Which of the following is not true regarding surgical site infection (SSI)?

A. It is the second most common cause of nosocomial infection.

B. It increases patient length of stay and healthcare costs.

C. Up to 20% of extra-abdominal operation patients will develop an SSI.

D. All of the above are true.

E. None of the above is true.

Choose the appropriately matched surgical procedure with antimicrobial prophylaxis.

A. Colorectal surgery, cefazolin

B. Orthopedic surgery, ertapenem

C. Hysterectomy, ertapenem

D. Cardiothoracic, cefuroxime

E. All of the above are correct.

Which of the following statements is true?

A. All antimicrobials should be infused 2 hours prior to first incision.

B. Most surgical site infections are caused by E. coli.

C. Surgical prophylaxis should be continued for at least 48 hours.

D. Poor surgical technique is the only reason patients get surgical site infecitons.

E. None of the above are true.

Which of the following is guideline recommended routes of administration for antimicrobial prophylaxis?

A. Topical

B. Intravenous

C. Oral

D. A and B

E. B and ...

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