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Chapter 101. Enteral Nutrition

Which of the following statements is true regarding GI tract structure and function?

A. The process of digestion begins in the stomach.

B. The pyloric sphincter separates the esophagus from the stomach.

C. The liquid form of food produced in the stomach is known as chyme.

D. Most protein, carbohydrate, and fat absorption occurs in the duodenum.

E. The pancreas secretes large amounts of acid important for digestion of food.

Which of the following would most appropriately be considered a contraindication to EN?

A. Nasopharyngeal tumor

B. Inflammatory bowel disease

C. Mild to moderate pancreatitis

D. Closed head injury

E. Diffuse peritonitis

Which of the following initial goal regimens would, according to general guidelines, be most appropriate for a 100-kg hospitalized patient with a body mass index of 33 kg/m2?

A. 1200 kcal (5023 kJ) and 100 g of protein

B. 1400 kcal (5860 kJ) and 120 g of protein

C. 1800 kcal (7534 kJ) and 80 g protein

D. 1800 kcal (7534 kJ) and 120 g protein

E. 2400 kcal (10,046 kJ) and 100 g protein

Which of the following initial goal regimens would, according to general guidelines, be most appropriate for a 60-kg hospitalized patient with a body mass index of 22 kg/m2?

A. 1000 kcal (4186 kJ) and 90 g of protein

B. 1200 kcal (5023 kJ) and 40 g of protein

C. 1800 kcal (7534 kJ) and 90 g of protein

D. 2400 kcal (10,046 kJ) and 60 g of protein

E. 2,400 kcal (10,046 kJ) and 120 g of protein

Which of the following is most accurate regarding specialized nutritional support?

A. There is no good evidence to demonstrate benefit of starting therapy within the first 2 days of intensive care.

B. Malnutrition before illness may be a good indication for ...

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