1.2.3: Develop and implement individualized treatment plans, taking into consideration lifestyle and self-care therapy
Which of the following statements is true regarding lifestyle modifications?
(A) They only decrease the risk for cardiovascular disease
(B) They decrease the risk for renal disease but not stroke
(C) Morbidity, not mortality, is decreased
(D) They are critical for the prevention of hypertension but not the treatment
(E) Risk for cardiovascular and renal disease and stroke are all decreased
Lifestyle modifications decrease the risk for all forms of cardiovascular disease, renal disease, and stroke (E). Such modifications can benefit any patient's overall health, even in the absence of disease states.
All forms of cardiovascular disease, renal disease, and stroke are decreased (A and B). Both morbidity and mortality are decreased through lifestyle modifications (C). Hypertension represents a major public health challenge. Lifestyle modifications are essential to the management and prevention of hypertension (D). They decrease the risk for all forms of heart disease, renal disease, and stroke. These modifications simply represent a healthy lifestyle and should be adopted by all, regardless of health status.
Which of the following is not a viable nonpharmacologic option for a patient with urinary incontinence?
(B) Decreasing fluid intake
(C) Increasing intake of caffeine
(D) Pelvic floor exercises
The correct answer is (C).
A decrease in intake of caffeine (C) is a suitable nonpharmacologic option for UI.
Weight reduction (A) is a suitable nonpharmacologic option for UI. Decreasing fluid intake (B) is a suitable nonpharmacologic option for UI. Pelvic floor exercises (D) are a suitable nonpharmacologic option for UI.
GW is a 58-year-old man with metastatic colon cancer on irinotecan plus cetuximab therapy. When he arrives to the infusion center he is complaining of new "pimples" appearing all over his chest and face. The oncology nurse asks you to counsel him on managing this new finding. Your counseling points would include all of the following except:
(A) Recommend him to ask his doctor about isotretinoin, give him the FDA approved med guide, and explain about the iPLEDGE program to reduce birth defects.
(B) Recommend him to apply moisturizing lotion to the affected areas.
(C) Warn him to use sunscreen since direct sunlight can exacerbate his condition.