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Chapter 17: Medication Misadventures I: Adverse Drug Reactions

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Which of the following refers to an adverse drug reaction (ADR)?

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a. Any iatrogenic hazard or incident associated with a medication

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b. Any injury caused by a medication

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c. Any preventable event that leads to inappropriate medication use or patient harm

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d. Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response to a medication

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e. Any reaction related to the intentional or unintentional overdose of a medication

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d. Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response to a medication

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Which of the following reactions is NOT an example of an ADR that the FDA would like health care professionals to report?

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a. A life threatening reaction to a drug

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b. An ADR that is not currently listed in the drug's labeling

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c. A reaction that is a more severe form of a previously reported ADR

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d. A common or expected side effect

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e. An ADR of which the exact cause is not known

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d. A common or expected side effect

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The first step in establishing an adverse drug reaction program at a facility is to:

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a. Determine the institution's definition of an adverse drug reaction

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b. Decide who is responsible for reporting adverse reactions to the FDA

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c. Develop an ADR reporting hotline

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d. Identify drugs most likely to cause adverse reactions

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e. Report findings of the ADR program to the P&T committee

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a. Determine the institution's definition of an adverse drug reaction

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Which of the following factors is NOT used to determine adverse reaction causality?

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a. Dechallenge

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b. Rechallenge

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c. Temporal relationship

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d. Patient gender

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e. Known response pattern

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d. Patient gender

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Which of the following is the most commonly used algorithm for determining adverse reaction causality?

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a. Bayesian approach

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