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Chapter 17: Medication Misadventures I: Adverse Drug Reactions

Which of the following refers to an adverse drug reaction (ADR)?

a. Any iatrogenic hazard or incident associated with a medication

b. Any injury caused by a medication

c. Any preventable event that leads to inappropriate medication use or patient harm

d. Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response to a medication

e. Any reaction related to the intentional or unintentional overdose of a medication

d. Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response to a medication

Which of the following reactions is NOT an example of an ADR that the FDA would like health care professionals to report?

a. A life threatening reaction to a drug

b. An ADR that is not currently listed in the drug's labeling

c. A reaction that is a more severe form of a previously reported ADR

d. A common or expected side effect

e. An ADR of which the exact cause is not known

d. A common or expected side effect

The first step in establishing an adverse drug reaction program at a facility is to:

a. Determine the institution's definition of an adverse drug reaction

b. Decide who is responsible for reporting adverse reactions to the FDA

c. Develop an ADR reporting hotline

d. Identify drugs most likely to cause adverse reactions

e. Report findings of the ADR program to the P&T committee

a. Determine the institution's definition of an adverse drug reaction

Which of the following factors is NOT used to determine adverse reaction causality?

a. Dechallenge

b. Rechallenge

c. Temporal relationship

d. Patient gender

e. Known response pattern

d. Patient gender

Which of the following is the most commonly used algorithm for determining adverse reaction causality?

a. Bayesian approach

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