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Chapter 23. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease MTM Data Set

Which of the following is the most appropriate definition for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

a. Inflammation of the lining of the esophagus.

b. A condition that develops when reflux of the stomach content causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications.

c. Erosion of the squamous epithelium of the esophagus.

d. A condition in which tissue lining the esophagus is replaced by tissue similar to the lining in the intestine.

Answer b.

Which of the following is a potential secondary cause and/or contributing factor that may worsen symptoms of GERD?

a. Eating a high protein, low-fat meal

b. Drinking water

c. Eating chocolate

d. Taking calcium supplements

Answer c.

A patient comes to the pharmacy complaining of belching and regurgitation. She states that her diet has been consistent with her favorites of grape juice, noodles (containing carrots, onions, and sweet bell peppers) and pasta. She is currently taking acetaminophen for general pain and amlodipine for hypertension (therapy started 1 month ago). Which of the following foods and/or medication is likely causing the patient’s GERD symptoms?

a. Grape juice

b. Carrots

c. Acetaminophen

d. Amlodipine

Answer d.

Which of the following is an appropriate therapeutic goal for management of GERD?

a. Alleviating or eliminating symptoms

b. Decreasing frequency and duration of GERD symptoms

c. Preventing the development of complications

d. All of the above are appropriate therapeutic goals

Answer d.

A patient approaches you in a clinic setting and asks “What is a PPI?” How would you respond utilizing living room language?

a. A PPI is a medication that decreases gastric hyperacidity by working on the proton pumps in the gut.

b. A PPI is a medication that neutralizes acid in the stomach, thereby reducing GERD symptoms.

c. A PPI is a medication that prevents the stomach from ...

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