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Section IV – Metabolism of Carbohydrates

Which of the following is not a reducing sugar?

A. Erythrose

B. Fructose

C. Galactose

D. Glucose

E. Ribose

Which of the following is the composition of sucrose?

A. O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucopyranose

B. O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranoside

C. O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-α-D-glucopyranose

D. O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→1)-α-D-glucopyranoside

E. O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-α-D-glucopyranose

Which of the following is not a pentose?

A. Fructose

B. Ribose

C. Ribulose

D. Xylose

E. Xylulose

A blood sample is taken from a 50-year-old woman after an overnight fast. Which one of the following will be at a higher concentration than after she had eaten a meal?

A. Glucose

B. Insulin

C. Ketone bodies

D. Nonesterified fatty acids

E. Triacylglycerol

A blood sample is taken from a 25-year-old man after he has eaten three slices of toast and a boiled egg. Which one of the following will be at a higher concentration than if the blood sample had been taken after an overnight fast?

A. Alanine

B. Glucagon

C. Glucose

D. Ketone bodies

E. Nonesterified fatty acids

A blood sample is taken from a 40-year-old man has been fasting completely for a week, drinking only water. Which of the following will be at a higher concentration than after a normal overnight fast?

A. Glucose

B. Insulin

C. Ketone bodies

D. Nonesterified fatty acids

E. Triacylglycerol

Which one of following statements about the fed and fasting metabolic states is correct?

A....

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