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  • Image not available. Oral health is a growing global concern because of its effect on quality of life, morbidity, and mortality.

  • Image not available.Dental caries and periodontal disease are examples of oral health conditions that have significant impact on patients' overall health status.

  • Image not available.Tooth loss, periodontal disease, dental caries, and denture use have associations with morbidity and mortality risk.

  • Image not available.Chronic hyperglycemia may cause various acute or chronic oral complications that may increase risk of worsening glycemic control or developing other systemic complications of diabetes.

  • Image not available.Diabetes and periodontal disease have a bidirectional relationship on glycemic control and periodontal disease.

  • Image not available.Medications used in treatment of cardiovascular diseases have adverse effects that can affect oral health and about which patients should be counseled.

  • Image not available.Periodontal disease is shown to increase inflammatory markers that may worsen the progression of a patient's cardiovascular status, but no profound association can be made on the reduction of cardiovascular risk with the treatment of periodontal disease.

  • Image not available.Patients with respiratory conditions such as asthma and COPD are at an increased risk of dental caries, periodontal disease, dental erosion, and oral candidiasis.

  • Image not available.Xerostomia, acidity of saliva and the oral biofilm, and the deposition of added lactose in inhalers contribute to poor oral health of patients with respiratory conditions.

  • Image not available.Patients with mental health conditions are more likely to suffer from dental caries, tooth loss, and oral lesions.

  • Image not available.Poor oral health in patients with mental health conditions may result from poor oral hygiene, lack of motivation, cost, and barriers to accessing dental care.

  • Image not available.Oral health disparities are noted across patients' lifespans as a result of age, access to dental coverage, income, education, and race/ethnicity.

  • Image not available.National and local initiatives have been created to increase awareness, education, and access for oral healthcare for all Americans.

  • Image not available.Nondental healthcare professionals, including pharmacists, can play an integral role in educating patients on oral health as it pertains to oral health diseases, systemic diseases, and medication-related adverse effects.


Preclass Engaged Learning Activity

Test your baseline knowledge on various oral health topics using the online short quizzes below:

General website (

Specific short oral health quizzes:

  1. What causes dry mouth?

  2. Is all tobacco bad?

  3. Kids' dental health

  4. Teen dental health

  5. Adults under 40 dental health

  6. Adults 40–60 dental health

  7. Adults over 60 dental health


Image not available.Oral health encompasses health in the oral tissues, dentition, mastication ability, tongue movement along with the absence of chronic oral-facial pain, cancers, oral lesions, or other oral conditions or diseases that affect the oral, dental, or craniofacial tissues.1,2 Poor oral health can result in physical oral dysfunction, malnutrition, sociopsychological impairment, cognitive decline, and a reduced overall quality of life.2,3 Oral health is a global concern given the disparities to access oral health providers and the growing evidence as a modifiable risk factor for chronic systemic conditions as well as oral diseases.1,2,4–6 The manifestation ...

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