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KEY CONCEPTS

KEY CONCEPTS

  • image Oral health is a growing global concern because of its effect on quality of life, morbidity, and mortality.

  • imageDental caries and periodontal disease are examples of oral health conditions that have significant impact on patients' overall health status.

  • imageTooth loss, periodontal disease, dental caries, and denture use have associations with morbidity and mortality risk.

  • imageChronic hyperglycemia may cause various acute or chronic oral complications that may increase risk of worsening glycemic control or developing other systemic complications of diabetes.

  • imageDiabetes and periodontal disease have a bidirectional relationship on glycemic control and periodontal disease.

  • imageMedications used in treatment of cardiovascular diseases have adverse effects that can affect oral health and about which patients should be counseled.

  • imagePeriodontal disease is shown to increase inflammatory markers that may worsen the progression of a patient's cardiovascular status, but no profound association can be made on the reduction of cardiovascular risk with the treatment of periodontal disease.

  • imagePatients with respiratory conditions such as asthma and COPD are at an increased risk of dental caries, periodontal disease, dental erosion, and oral candidiasis.

  • imageXerostomia, acidity of saliva and the oral biofilm, and the deposition of added lactose in inhalers contribute to poor oral health of patients with respiratory conditions.

  • imagePatients with mental health conditions are more likely to suffer from dental caries, tooth loss, and oral lesions.

  • imagePoor oral health in patients with mental health conditions may result from poor oral hygiene, lack of motivation, cost, and barriers to accessing dental care.

  • imageOral health disparities are noted across patients' lifespans as a result of age, access to dental coverage, income, education, and race/ethnicity.

  • imageNational and local initiatives have been created to increase awareness, education, and access for oral healthcare for all Americans.

  • imageNondental healthcare professionals, including pharmacists, can play an integral role in educating patients on oral health as it pertains to oral health diseases, systemic diseases, and medication-related adverse effects.

PRECLASS ACTIVITY

Preclass Engaged Learning Activity

Test your baseline knowledge on various oral health topics using the online short quizzes below:

General website (http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/quiz-time)

Specific short oral health quizzes:

  1. What causes dry mouth?

  2. Is all tobacco bad?

  3. Kids' dental health

  4. Teen dental health

  5. Adults under 40 dental health

  6. Adults 40–60 dental health

  7. Adults over 60 dental health

INTRODUCTION TO ORAL HEALTH

imageOral health encompasses health in the oral tissues, dentition, mastication ability, tongue movement along with the absence of chronic oral-facial pain, cancers, oral lesions, or other oral conditions or diseases that affect the oral, dental, or craniofacial tissues.1,2 Poor oral health can result in physical oral dysfunction, malnutrition, sociopsychological impairment, cognitive decline, and a reduced overall quality of life.2,3 Oral health is a global concern given the disparities to access oral health providers and the growing evidence as a modifiable risk factor for chronic systemic conditions as well as oral diseases.1,2,4–6 The manifestation ...

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