Source: Frei C, Frei B. Upper respiratory tract infections. In: DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, Matzke GR, Wells BG, Posey LM, eds. Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach. 10th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2017. http://accesspharmacy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=1861§ionid=146071422. Accessed March 22, 2017.
Rapid onset of signs and symptoms of inflammation in middle ear that manifests clinically as one or more of the following:
If effusion (accumulation of liquid in middle ear cavity) present, signs and symptoms of acute infection are absent.
MEANS OF CONFIRMATION AND DIAGNOSIS