Section 2: Common Health Problems
Which of the following medications is generally preferred in treating fever?
The answer is D. Acetaminophen is generally the drug of choice for fever, as it does not cause unwanted side effects on platelets and the gastrointestinal tract such as Aspirin and NSAIDs. See section “DEVELOP A CARE PLAN” for more details.
Which of the following nonpharmacologic methods of reducing fever is preferred?
A. Use of an alcohol bath
C. Wearing tight clothing
D. Using a cold water sponge bath
The answer is B. The usage of alcohol baths is dangerous and can induce shivering. The use of ice baths is also dangerous and can lead a patient to shock and patients should use tepid water instead. Clothing should be light and loose. See the nonpharmacological recommendations under section “DEVELOP A CARE PLAN.”
Cindy is a 27-year-old woman who has had an elevated temperature for the last 2 days. She reports having a slightly elevated temperature and calls your pharmacy for dosing advice. At home, she has acetaminophen 500-mg tablets to treat her fever. What is the daily maximum recommended dose of this medication for her to use?
The answer is C. The maximum dosage for adults of Tylenol to be used if taking the 500-mg tablets is 3,000 mg. If taking the 650-mg tablets, 3,250 mg is the daily maximum. See more dosage maximum information under section “DEVELOP A CARE PLAN.”
How long should adults use over-the-counter treatment with no changes in temperature before seeking care of the physician?