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Questions

Which of the following is the best understanding of ethics?

A. Ethics is personal and varies from individual to individual.

B. The words morality and ethics refer to the same thing.

C. Ethics is the study of moral dilemmas and how to resolve them.

D. Doing what the law demands and refraining from what the law prohibits is all that is ethically required.

E. Ethics is the systematic study of ideas about right and wrong, virtue (good), and justice.

E. Ethical analysis is broader than the consideration of ethical dilemmas; it considers a variety of ethical concerns and seeks better ways to organize and think about what matters in ethical decision-making.

A. Ethics are universalizable norms that can be rationally attributed to all human beings. Morals are personal and are usually learned from family and community as a function of particular cultures, and internalized during childhood with little reflection.

B. The words morality and ethics are often used interchangeably but they are not the same. Many moralities (more of less organized systems of rules and duties) exist, including personal codes of ethics or conscience formation.

C. Ethics is the study of the concepts and structures of moral thought; that is, it is thinking about moral thinking, language, concepts, and norms.

D. Laws often incorporate aspects of the moralities of particular cultures and history. Well- founded ethical principles can conflict with jurisdictional law and act as a critique of unjust laws and particular personal moralities.

Which of the following best describes a moral dilemma?

A. Comparing two actions, one is right (ethical permissible) and one is wrong (ethically prohibited).

B. A moral dilemma is one in which two actions are in conflict: one is ethically obligatory and the other is desired/wanted.

C. A moral dilemma occurs when an action that is right (ethically permissible) is impossible to do.

D. A moral dilemma is one in which two actions are equally ethically obligatory, however, by taking one of the required actions, the other required action is foreclosed.

E. Comparing two actions, both have undesirable consequences.

D. Dilemmatic situations consist of equally morally obligatory (ethically required) actions that conflict in the sense that both requirements cannot be satisfied. If the conflicting actions are not both obligatory, there is no moral dilemma about what should be done, though a person might ...

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