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Questions

Women who are pregnant or who are trying to conceive should avoid consumption of which type of fish?

A. Salmon

B. Shrimp

C. Swordfish

D. Pollock

C. Consumption of swordfish and other fish high in mercury should be avoided among women who are pregnant or who are trying to conceive.

A, B, D – Fish such as salmon, shrimp, and pollock are lower in mercury content, and women should be counseled to consume 4 to 12 ounces per week based on the type of fish. Women eating fish caught by themselves or acquaintances should check for fish advisories, and, if there is no advisory, eat only 4 ounces and no other fish that week.

Adequate folic acid intake before and during pregnancy reduces the risk of which type of birth defect?

A. Prader-Willi syndrome

B. Muscular dystrophy

C. Phenylketonuria

D. Neural tube defects

D. Adequate folic acid intake before and during pregnancy can reduce the risk of neural tube defects (serious birth defects of the brain and spinal column) by 50-70%.

A. Prader-Willi syndrome is a genetic disorder; folic acid intake does not reduce the risk of this birth defect.

B. Muscular dystrophy is a degenerative disorder; folic acid intake does not reduce the risk of this birth defect.

C. Phenylketonuria is a metabolic disorder; folic acid intake does not reduce the risk of this birth defect.

Which of the following is the correct definition for micrognathia, a birth defect that may result from alcohol use during pregnancy?

A. Abnormal bile duct development

B. Small lower jaw

C. Flat groove in the upper lip

D. Small opening for the eyes between the eyelids

B. "Micrognathia" is the term signifying a small lower jaw and may result from alcohol exposure during pregnancy.

A. "Biliary atresia" is the term for abnormal development of bile ducts inside or outside the liver and may result from amphetamine exposure during pregnancy.

C. "Smooth philtrum" is the term signifying flat grooves in the upper lip and may result from alcohol exposure during pregnancy.

D. "Small palpebral fissures" is the term signifying small opening for ...

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