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Introduction

The purpose of this activity is to allow students to practice their medication-related problem identification skills in a simulated hospital pharmacy dispensing scenario. Students will select answers from a standard set of multiple-choice options.

Learning Objectives
  1. Distinguish hospital pharmacy medication dispensing from community pharmacy medication dispensing.

  2. Identify elements of hospital policy for medication dispensing.

  3. Recognize elements of hospital pharmacy labels including those for oral unit dose products and parenteral products.

  4. Recognize and dispense exact chemical equivalents per hospital pharmacy policy.

  5. Recognize common clinical medication-related problems for hospital medication management.

  6. Recognize when correspondence with ordering provider is necessary.

  7. Recognize common dispensing medication-related problems for hospital medication management.

  8. Utilize the proper steps for hospital dispensing in practice activities.

  9. Plan next actions for the resolution of hospital medication-related problems.

Foundational Knowledge Required

Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process; introduction to hospital errors and omissions format and three order types: unit dose, premixed parenteral products, and admixed parenteral products; pharmacotherapy; and disease state guidelines related to assigned medication orders.

Suggested Resources
  • Cipolle RJ, Strand LM, Morley PC. Drug therapy problems. In: Pharmaceutical Care Practice: The Patient-Centered Approach to Medication Management. 3rd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc; 2012:141-181.

  • Dipiro, JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, et al. Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach. 10th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc; 2017.

Assignment Instructions

This individual activity requires you to review clinical scenarios with a corresponding medication order and product for dispensing in three common hospital medication order types.

Each order presented requires you to address two questions: 1) Order Verification and 2) Product for Dispensing. Each question has one correct answer.

  1. Order Verification

    The first step for each patient is to verify the order. Select one best answer.

  2. Product for Dispensing

    The second step for all patients is to check the product being dispensed. If there are medication-related problem(s) that prevented order verification, select answer option A in the Product for Dispensing answer options as the pharmacy would not dispense a medication based on an incorrect medication order. Select one best answer.

Select your answers using the Student Activity Answer Sheet. Before beginning, observe the unique set of answers for each of the three product types: unit dose, premixed parenteral, and admixed parenteral products.

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