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The purpose of this activity is to introduce students to, and develop skills related to, literature evaluation and presentation.

Learning Objectives
  1. Describe reasons why a particular study was conducted in light of previous research on the topic.

  2. Describe the study design and methods of a given clinical study.

  3. Discuss how a particular study planned to minimize type 1 and type 2 error.

  4. Evaluate the components of the power calculation of a study and how that impacted the results.

  5. Report a summary table of relevant results for a given clinical trial.

  6. Identify strengths and weaknesses of a clinical trial and their impact on internal and external validity.

  7. Discuss the clinical implications of a given clinical study.

  8. Summarize and present a clinical trial in a handout format and create a PowerPoint presentation to present findings.

  9. Observe and reflect upon the performance of a P2 student giving a formal article presentation.

Foundational Knowledge Required

This activity follows a brief introduction to concepts in literature evaluation and may be used for beginner students that have not yet had an in-depth coverage of biostatistics.

Suggested Resources
  • Guyatt G, Rennie D, Meade MO, et al. Users' Guides to the Medical Literature, A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice. 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill Professional; 2014.

Assignment Instructions

Day 1

Please read the MERIT-HF Trial ( Upon arrival to class, students will be given up to 10 minutes to complete a six-question Prereading Quiz. The next 90 minutes will be spent dissecting the article as a class in each of the required sections needed for the handout/presentation. At the end of class, students will be divided into teams containing 5–7 students. A different article will be assigned to teams by the instructors.

Day 2

All teams will have up to 3 hours to create a handout and PowerPoint about their assigned article. The instructor(s) will circulate through the classroom, helping with questions and providing guidance where needed. Following lunch, individuals from each team will present one section of their handout/presentation. The sections are: background, method, statistics, results/conclusions, strengths/weaknesses, and discussion/implications. An Example Journal Article Handout and an Example Journal Presentation are available. Each section will be presented and discussed for a total of 7 minutes, and faculty graders will provide feedback during this time. Students will submit an electronic version of their presentation and handout for additional instructor-provided feedback.

Day 3

Students are scheduled to observe at least one formal P2 article presentation, which lasts 15 minutes, and complete the Journal Article Presentation Rubric for the witnessed presentation. At the completion of observing the presentation, students will add a short reflection to the comments section of the rubric regarding their experience over the past 3 days and upload this to the ELMS for review.

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