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  1. Low-dose vitamin K supplementation is beneficial for patients taking warfarin who have highly variable international normalized ratios (INRs).

  2. Low-molecular-weight heparins should be preferred over warfarin for pregnant patients with mechanical heart valves.

  3. Cranberry juice is beneficial in prevention of urinary tract infections.

  4. Patients with diabetes should be treated to a goal blood pressure of <130/80.

  5. Carvedilol should be the preferred beta blocker for the treatment of chronic heart failure.

  6. Low-dose aspirin should be routinely recommended for adults for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

  7. An A1c <7.0% is the preferred glycemic goal for prevention of long-term complications in patients with diabetes mellitus.

  8. Antibiotics should be routinely recommended for prophylactic use to prevent exacerbations in patients with COPD.

  9. Dabigatran should be the preferred oral anticoagulant for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.

  10. The goal blood pressure for patients 60 years of age or older is 150/90 or less.

  11. Omeprazole and esomeprazole are acceptable agents for reducing the risk of GI bleeds in patients on chronic thienopyridine therapy.

  12. The preferred management of gestational diabetes should include a combination of a short-acting insulin analog and a long-acting basal insulin over other treatment options.

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