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  • AACP—American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy

  • AAR—after-action review

  • ACA—Affordable Care Act

  • ACCME—American Council for Continuing Medical Education

  • ACCP—American College of Clinical Pharmacy or American College of Chest Physicians

  • ACE—angiotensin-converting enzyme

  • ACO—accountable care organization

  • ACPE—Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education

  • ADC—automated dispensing cabinet

  • ADE—adverse drug effect or event

  • ADR—adverse drug reaction

  • AE—adverse effect or adverse event

  • AF—atrial fibrillation

  • AGA—American Gastroenterological Association

  • AGREE–Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation

  • AHFS—American Hospital Formulary Service

  • AHFS CDI—AHFS® Clinical Drug Information™

  • AHRQ—Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

  • AIDS—acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

  • AJHP—American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy

  • AMA—American Medical Association

  • AMCP—Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy

  • AMH—Accreditation Manual for Hospitals

  • ANDA—abbreviated new drug application

  • ANSI—American National Standards Institute

  • AP—action priority

  • API—active pharmaceutical ingredient, or Asian or Pacific Islanders

  • APM—Alternative Payment Model

  • ART—adverse reaction tracking

  • ASHP—American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

  • ASOP—Alliance for Safe Online Pharmacies

  • ASP—Academy of Student Pharmacists or application service provider

  • BCMA—bar code medication administration

  • BG—blood glucose

  • BLA—biologics license application

  • BMJ—British Medical Journal

  • BP—blood pressure

  • BUN—blood urea nitrogen

  • CAD—coronary artery disease

  • CAERS—Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Adverse Event Reporting System

  • CAHPS—Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems

  • CAM—complementary and alternative medicine

  • CAMIPR—Consortium for the Advancement of Medication Information Policy and Research

  • CAPE—Center for the Advancement of Pharmaceutical Education

  • CAS—Chemical Abstracts Service

  • CAT—causality assessment tool

  • CBA—cost-benefit analysis

  • CBD—cannabidiol

  • CBER—Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research

  • CCA—Cochrane Clinical Answers or cost-consequence analysis

  • CCR—continuity of care record

  • CDC—Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  • CDER—Center for Drug Evaluation and Research

  • CDRH—Center for Devices and Radiological Health

  • CDS—clinical decision support

  • CDSR—Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

  • CDSS—clinical decision support system

  • CE—continuing education

  • CEA—cost-effectiveness analysis

  • CENT—Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials Extension for Reporting N-of-1 Trials

  • CENTRAL—Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials

  • CER—cost-effectiveness ratio

  • CFL—consistent with FDA required labeling

  • CFR—Code of Federal Regulations

  • CFSAN—Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

  • CGMP—current good manufacturing practices

  • CHI—consumer health information

  • CHIP—Children’s Health Insurance Program

  • CI—confidence interval

  • CINAHL—Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature

  • CITI—Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative

  • CMA—cost-minimization analysis

  • CME—continuing medical education

  • CMMI—Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation

  • CMR—comprehensive medication review

  • CMS—Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

  • COI—conflict of interest

  • CONSORT—Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials

  • CoP—conditions of participation

  • COSTEP—Commissioned Officer Student Training and Extern Program

  • COVID-19—coronavirus disease 2019. Now officially known as SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)

  • CPE—continuing pharmacy education

  • CPOE—computerized physician order entry

  • CPT—current procedural terminology

  • CQI—continuous quality improvement

  • CRO—contract research organization

  • CSIP—Center for Safe Internet Pharmacies

  • CTC—common toxicity criteria

  • CTCAE—Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events

  • CTEA—Copyright Term Extension Act

  • CUA—cost-utility analysis

  • CV—coefficients of variance

  • DAW—dispense as written

  • DDI—Division of Drug Information or drug-drug interaction

  • DEA—Drug Enforcement Administration

  • df—degrees of freedom

  • DHHS—Department of Health and Human Services

  • DI—drug information

  • DI PRN—Drug Information Practice and Research Network

  • DIC—drug information center

  • DIS—drug information service

  • DISCO—Drug Information Soundcast in Clinical Oncology

  • DM—diabetes mellitus

  • DMF—drug master files

  • DOB—date of birth

  • DSC—Drug Safety Communications

  • DSCSA—Drug Supply Chain Security Act

  • DTCA—direct to consumer advertising

  • DUE—drug utilization, usage or use evaluation

  • DUHS—Duke University Health System

  • DUR—drug use or utilization review

  • EBM—evidence-based medicine

  • ED—emergency department

  • EHR—electronic health record

  • eMAR—electronic ...

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