Upon completion of the chapter, the reader will be able to:
- 1. List the adverse health effects brought about by the use/abuse of alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine.
- 2. Recommend specific drugs and dosing regimens for preventing withdrawal from alcohol.
- 3. Make evidence-based recommendations for helping people to stop smoking.
- 4. Assess a patientâs intake of caffeine and determine if caffeinism is present based on presence/absence of specific signs and symptoms.
- 5. Evaluate the role of naltrexone and disulfiram as long-term treatments for alcohol dependence.
- 6. Select an appropriate product to be used as nicotine replacement therapy in a given patient, considering cost, convenience, efficacy, and side effects.
- 7. Explain the role of counseling and other support therapy in an overall program to help people quit smoking.
- 8. Explain the effects of alcohol at different concentrations in the blood.
- 9. Identify risk factors that might predispose a person to alcoholism.
- 10. Calculate the amount of alcohol present in given volumes of the different alcoholic beverages.
- 11. State the economic burden imposed on our society by the abuse of alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine.
- 12. Compare and contrast the five first-line pharmacotherapies that reliably increase long-term smoking abstinence rates.
- 13. Recommend a starting dose and duration of treatment for a patient choosing to use varenicline as a smoking deterrent.
- 14. Determine if a patient is suffering from caffeine withdrawal, given a specific set of signs and symptoms.
Caffeinism: Caffeinism is the term coined to describe the clinical syndrome produced by acute or chronic overuse of caffeine.
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