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Abbreviations

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ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

CDI

Central diabetes insipidus

D5W

Dextrose 5%

DDAVP

Desmopressin

DI

Diabetes insipidus

HCTZ

Hydrochlorothiazide

LR

Lactated ringers

NDI

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

½ NS

Half-normal saline (0.45% saline)

NS

Normal saline

UOP

Urine output

SIADH

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone

Table 13.1.1 Fluid Composition and Uses
Figure 13.1.2 Evaluation Algorithm for Hyponatremia
Figure 13.1.3 Treatment Algorithm for Hyponatremia
Figure 13.1.4 Assessment and Treatment Algorithm of Hypernatremia

aTBW = 0.5 × weight (kg) females: 0.6 × weight (kg) males.

Table 13.1.5 Pharmacotherapy of Sodium Disorders

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