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Postgraduate Year One (PGY-1) community pharmacy residency programs (CPRPs) strive to develop creative and innovative pharmacy practice leaders who will be able to meet the challenges presented by the rapidly changing healthcare system. The overarching goals for these programs are twofold. The programs aim to provide advanced training to pharmacists, enabling them to deliver patient care services in the community setting, while also translating innovative ideas and services into clinical practice.1 These programs offer training in a more patient-focused, care-based practice that students may not otherwise have had exposure to if taking a job in a community setting immediately upon graduation. According to the 2011 PGY-1 Community Pharmacy Resident Exit Survey, residents reported the opportunity to develop pharmacy services and acquire management or ownership skills were important features of their residency experience. Most residents felt their experiences related to practice, business planning, financial management, and precepting were enhanced due to the additional training.2 Ultimately, residents felt they have a jump start on their professional development in their careers. Benefits are also seen in community pharmacies that have residents embedded in the practice site. Through training residents, the companies have additional clinical pharmacy services, opportunities for pharmacy education and pharmacy staff development, and potential monetary benefits.3 The current CPRPs are almost equally distributed among chain, supermarket, and independent pharmacies, and some university-based programs have practice sites.4 PGY-1 community pharmacy residencies also have a presence in less traditional community pharmacy settings such as outpatient health-system pharmacies and community clinics.

Although CPRPs were established in 1986, it was not until 1999 that formal accreditation standards were adopted by a partnership with the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) and the American Pharmacists Association (APhA). The adoption of an accreditation standard was an important step in the development of PGY-1 CPRPs. Accreditation led to initial and ongoing program development, stronger perceptions of the value of community pharmacy residencies by students and employers, and eligibility for pharmacy students seeking these residencies to participate in the Residency Match Program. As of 2011, there were 82 CPRPs and 139 residency positions. Sixty-three of these programs were accredited or in the process of accreditation.4

Pharmacy students should consider whether the CPRP they are interested in is accredited or plans to become accredited. Table 15-1 lists advantages of accredited programs.

Table 15-1 Advantages of Community Pharmacy Residency Accreditation

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